Etienne Balibar is a philosopher and currently professor emeritus at the University of Paris-Nanterre. He is visiting professor at Columbia University, Affiliate Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of California, Irvine and holds Anniversary Chair Professorship at the Centre for Research in Modern European Philosophy (CRMEP) at Kingston University. Balibar’s philosophical career began through his collaborative research on Marx’s texts conducted with Luis Althusser which resulted in the publication Reading Capital. He wrote several other works on Marxism including On the Dictatorship of the Proletariat and The Philosophy of Marx. Besides the books on Spinoza, Spinoza and Politics and Spinoza politique: Le transindividuel, his research, investigates futures of political concepts and institutions. These works include Europe, Constitution, Frontière (2005), Saeculum: culture, religion, idéologie (2012), Violence and Civility: On the Limits of Political Philosophy (2015), and Citizen Subject: Foundations for Philosophical Anthropology (2016).